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Karnataka, The IT Hub Of India, Has An Interesting History

Indian State Karnataka

States and UTs

Karnataka, The IT Hub Of India, Has An Interesting History

The state, earlier known as Mysore, is known for its sandalwood and raw silk.

Karnataka, the hub of the country’s IT industry, is spread over an area of 1,91,791 sq. km. It shares its borders with Goa, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Bangalore
  • Districts – 30
  • Population – 61,095,297
  • Legislative Assembly seats – 224
  • Legislative Council seats – 75
  • Lok Sabha seats – 28
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 12
  • Literacy rate – 75.6%
  • Sex ratio – 973
  • Life Expectancy – 68.8 years
  • Infant Mortality Rate-31

Chengalaraya Reddy was the first chief minister of the state which was created on 1 November 1956. The current incumbent Siddaramaiah belongs to the Indian National Congress (INC) and was sworn in as the state’s 22nd Chief Minister on 13 May 2013. The current Governor of the state is Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala.

Historical Relevance

The state was ruled by the Vijayanagar Empire which is considered to have lasted longer than British Rule in India. Karnataka is known for “The Battle of Talikota” and the ruins of Hampi.

Tipu Sultan and his father, Hyder Ali, fought four famous Anglo- Mysore Wars. It was in the fourth battle that Tipu Sultan was defeated and the state was conquered by the British.

Initially, the state was formed by the name of Mysore. It was in November 1973, that the name was changed to Karnataka.

State Exclusives

  • Rani Chennamma, Queen of the princely state of Kittur, was the first person to lead an armed rebellion against British governance. In 1824, she rebelled against the kappa tax.
  • Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS) is the only unit which is permitted to supply Indian flag in the country.
  • The only unit which is given authority to produce the indelible black ink which is used election purposes in the country is Varnish Limited in the state.
  • Arthashastra of Kautilya which is considered to be the oldest manuscript is preserved in the Mysore Library, Oriental Research Institute.
  • Gomateshwara Statue which is the ‘World’s largest monolithic statue’ is located in the state.
  • Kannada letter ‘V’ has been included in the Wikipedia’s Logo.
  • Mysore Palace is the most visited palace of India.
  • Gol Gumbaz Dome of Bijapur is the largest dome in India.
  • India’s first private radio station,Akashvani which is today known as All India Radio, was set-up by MV Gopalswamy of Mysore.
  • Engineer’s Day is celebrated in the memory of Sir M. Visweshwariah who belonged to Karnataka.

Cultural Heritage

  • The name of the state originates from the word “Karu Nadu” meaning an elevated land.
  • Kannada is the official language of the state. Other languages like English, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi, Tulu, Konkani and Kodava Takk are widely spoken.
  • Yakshagana is a major dance form of the state.
  • Major rivers of the state are Krishna and Cauvery.
  • The state is famous for its cuisine which is incomplete without Rava Idli and Masala Dosa.


Major tourist destinations in the state include Gol Gumbaz, Botanical garden, Mysore Zoo, Oriental Research Institute, Nandi Hills, Nilgiri Hills, Devanahalli and many more.

Karanji Lake in Mysore is surrounded by Butterfly Park and a walk-through aviary, one of the biggest in India.

Karnataka is home to 3 waterfalls, among the highest in India. These are Jog Falls, Dudhsagar Falls and Kunchikal Falls. There are 18 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 national parks in the state which has a number of beaches.

Trade And Industry

Two varieties of coffee grown in the state have Geographical Indications registered in the name of Karnataka. The state is known for its sandalwood’s production and sandalwood soap. Karnataka is also a major producer of raw silk in India. It also produces Ragi and is one of the biggest exporters of coffee in India.


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