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Andhra Pradesh: Quick Facts About The First Linguistic State Of India

Indian State Andhra Pradesh

States and UTs

Andhra Pradesh: Quick Facts About The First Linguistic State Of India

The state has the second longest coastline in the country, after Gujarat.

Andhra Pradesh is spread over an area of 1,60,205 sq. km. It shares its borders with Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Karnataka, Telangana and Tamil Nadu.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Hyderabad (Amravati will be the new capital once ready)
  • Districts -13
  • Population – 4,93,86,799
  • Lesiglative Assembly seats -175
  • Legislative Council seats – 58
  • Lok Sabha seats – 25
  • Rajya Sabha seats -11
  • Literacy rate – 67.4%
  • Sex ratio – 993
  • Coastline – 972 Km

Political Background

Dr. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy was the first chief minister of the state which was created on 1 October 1956. The current incumbent N. Chandrababu Naidu, belonging to the Telugu Desam Party was sworn in as the state’s 13th Chief Minister on 8 June 2014 after elections following the creation of Telengana, which was carved out as a new state.

(Read-India’s Geography: Get To Know The Country’s Distinct Regions)

State Exclusives

  • Andhra Pradesh is the ‘first Indian linguistic state’.
  • The state has the second longest coastline after Gujarat.
  • The Hanging Pillar of Lepakshi Temple (Akaash Sthambha), located in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh does not rest fully on the ground and remain suspended in the air.
  • The design of the Indian national flag is credited to a youth from Andhra Pradesh, Pingali Venkayya, who presented it to Mahatma Gandhi during a session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) at Bezwada, the modern day Vijaywada.

Cultural Heritage

  • Telugu is the official language but other languages like Hindi and English are also widely spoken.
  • Kuchipudi is the popular classical dance of the state. Other folk dances like Natakam, Ghatna Mardala, Tappeta Gullu, Dhimsa, Lambadi and Chindu are also famous.
  • Ugadi, also known as ‘Telugu New Year’, is a popular festival. Festivals like maker Sankranti, Dussehra, Diwali and Vinayak Chaviti are also celebrated.
  • Godavari and Krishna are the major rivers of the state.

(Read- Understanding India’s Demography, From Population to Literacy and Sex Ratio)


Andhra Pradesh is an important devotional destination as prominent temples like Venkateswara Temple, Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple, Ranganatha Swamy,Tirumala-Tirupati and Dwaraka Tirumala are located here.

Egg Bowl of Asia

Rice and Eggs are produced in the large quantities in the state. That is why, Andhra Pradesh is considered as the “Egg Bowl of Asia” and “Rice Bowl of India”. It is also a major producer of fish in the country.

The state of Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of tobacco in India. It also produces diamonds and is rich in minerals like uranium, coal and limestone.

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