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Nagaland, Where Music And Folklore Are An Integral Part Of Life

Indian State Nagaland

States and UTs

Nagaland, Where Music And Folklore Are An Integral Part Of Life

The Hornbill Festival showcasing Naga culture draws a large number of visitors from all over.

Nagaland is spread over an area of 16,579 sq. km.  It shares its borders with Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur. The state also shares an international border with Myanmar.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Kohima
  • Districts – 11
  • Population – 1,978,502
  • Assembly seats – 60
  • Lok Sabha seats – 1
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 1
  • Literacy rate – 79.6%
  • Sex ratio – 931

(Read- Understanding India’s Demography, From Population to Literacy and Sex Ratio)

Political Background

P. Shilu Ao was the first chief minister of the state which was created on 1 December 1963. The current incumbent T.R. Zeliang, who belongs to the Nagaland People’s Front, was sworn in as the state’s 10th Chief Minister on 19 July 2017. The current Governor is BP Acharya.


Apart from Nagaland, 3 other states- Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Meghalaya – have been carved out from Assam.

The Battle of Kohima was fought in the state during World War 2. The Japanese tried to capture Kohima Bridge but were defeated by the British forces.

The Battle of Imphal and Kohima was voted as Britain’s Greatest Battle by the United Kingdom’s National Army Museum in 2013. 

State Exclusives

  • Nagaland is a part of the ‘Seven Sisters’ along with Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura.
  • Bhut Jolokia or ghost pepper, the hottest chilli pepper in the world, is grown in the state.
  • A community known as the ‘Naga Hoho’ is responsible for preserving the lands and culture of the people.
  • Nagaland was the only Indian state to witness negative population growth between 2001 and 2011.
  • The Hornbill Festival, a showcase of Naga culture, is regarded as “The festival of festivals”.

Cultural Heritage

  • English is the official language of the state. Other widely spoken languages are Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha.
  • The state is known for shifting or “Jhum” cultivation.
  • Ao, Kuki, Sangtam, Kachari, Konyak, Angami, Sumi and Lotha are some major tribes of the state.
  • The major religion practised in the state is Christianity.
  • Shawls are an important part of the traditional dresses and denote social status.

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