It is located in the south-eastern part of Punjab, encircled by district Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar on three sides and by Haryana’s Panchkula district on the fourth. One of India’s best planned cities, Chandigarh has 63 sectors, each spread over an area of about 250 acres.
Sectors – 63
Municipal Wards – 26
Population – 10,54,686
Population Density – 9,252
Sex Ratio – 818
Literacy Rate – 86.43 %
The first Chief Commissioner of Chandigarh, which became a Union Territory on 1 November 1966, was Mohinder Singh Randhawa. It was the capital of Punjab before 1966, when the state of Haryana was carved out of it.
Since 1985, it is being governed by an Administrator, who is the Punjab Governor. The current administrator is VP Singh Badnore.
Chandigarh is said to be the first planned city of India. It was designed by famous French architect Le Corbusier. The task had initially been commissioned to American architect Mathew Novicki who died in an air crash.
The plains on which modern Chandigarh has been developed is believed to have been a wide lake ringed by a marsh in the ancient past. The area was also home to the Harappans about 8,000 years ago.
- One of the greenest cities of India
- Superstition of Number 13 being unlucky
- Among top 20 cleanest cities according to the Swachh Sarvekshan Rank
- Chandigarh, Panchkula and Mohalli are together known as Tri-City.
- Languages -Hindi, Punjabi, English, Urdu
- Major religions – Hinduism, Sikhism
- Major Festivals -Baisakhi, Lohri, Holla Mohalla, Gurupurab, Tika, Teeyan.
The most prominent tourist attractions in Chandigarh are the Rock Garden and Sukhna Lake. Designed by Nek Chand, the Rock Garden is in Chandigarh. Sukhna Lake is an artificial rain-fed lake declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Other well-known destinations are the Capitol Complex, International Dolls Museum, Government Museum and Art Gallery, Temple of Goddess Chandi and the Tower of Shadows.