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Chhattisgarh: Some Quick Facts About The Mineral-Rich State

Indian State Chhattisgarh

States and UTs

Chhattisgarh: Some Quick Facts About The Mineral-Rich State

The state was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000.

Chhattisgarh is spread over an area of 1,35,133 sq. km. It shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Raipur
  • Districts – 27
  • Population – 2,55,45,198
  • Assembly seats – 90
  • Lok Sabha seats -11
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 5
  • Literacy rate – 71.04%
  • Sex ratio – 991
  • Life expectancy – 64.8 years.
  • Infant mortality rate – 46

Political Background

Ajit Jogi was the first chief minister of the state which was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000. The current incumbent Raman Singh belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was sworn in as the state’s 2nd Chief Minister on 9 December 2013. The current Governor is Balram Das Tondon. 

Historical Relevance

Chhattisgarh, carved out of Madhya Pradesh, was initially known as Dakshin-Kausal, connecting the history of the state with the epic, Ramayana.

Rulers like Sarabhpurias, Panduavanshi, Somvanshi, Kalchuri and Nagvanshi rulers dominated this region. Kalchuris ruled in Chhattisgarh from 980 to 1791 AD. With the advent of the British in 1845, Raipur gained prominence instead of the capital Ratanpur. In 1904, Sambalpur was transfered to Orissa (now Odisha) and estates of Sarguja were transferred from Bengal to Chhattisgarh.

State Exclusives 

  • Chitrakot Waterfalls, also called as The Niagara Falls of India, is located near Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh.
  • The state accounts for 70% of the country’s tendu leaf production and is also known as “Dhan ka Katora”, meaning “Rice Bowl” of the nation.
  • It is the first Indian state to produce Tin.
  • ‘The Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya’ in Khairagarh is a university dedicated only to Music and Dance,
  • Chhattisgarh has 3 National Parks and 11 wild life sanctuaries.

(Read: Flavours of India: Bangaler Rasogolla and other Geographical Indications)

Cultural Heritage

  • Hindi, Chhattisgarhi and English are widely spoken languages of the state.
  • Saila, Panthi and Rawat Nacha are the well-known folk dances of the state.
  • Bastar Dussehra is the major festival of the state.
  • Many tribes like Gond, Baiga, Pando, Korwa, Abujhmar, Bheel and Kamar live in Chhattisgarh.
  • The dominant rivers flowing in the state are Mahanadi, Sone and Godavari.

Trade and industry

Main sources of economy in the state-

  • Steel Industry- BALCO and Bhilai Steel Plant. Chhattisgarh is one of the major steel producing state in the country.
  • Agriculture- Rice, Tendu Leaves, Sal Seeds, Chironji and Baheda.
  • Minerals- Coal, Copper, Limestone, Iron and Diamond.
  • Important producer of Rice, Coal and Tin.

 

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