Located on the western coast of India, the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli consists of two separate parts. Dadra is surrounded by the state of Gujarat while Nagar Haveli lies on the borders of Maharashtra and Gujarat. It has an area of 491 sq km.
Districts – 1
Population – 3,43,709
Population Density – 700
Sex Ratio – 774
Literacy Rate – 76.24 %
The area was ruled by the Marathas after the Third Battle of Panipat. In 1779, the Marathas signed a treaty with the Portuguese permitting them to collect revenue from the area, which had about 70 villages. This was a strategic move to get an upper hand over the British and ensure Portuguese support against the Mughals.
It became a part of India after the people achieved liberation from the Portuguese in 1954.
Till 1961, it operated independently and was self-governing. It became a Union Territory on 11 August 1961.
The first Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli was Tumkur Sivasankar. The current Administrator is Praful Khoda Patel.
Currently Dadra and Nagar Haveli has representation in both the houses of the Indian Parliament.
Several tribal groups like Dhodia, Kokana, Dublas and Varli are found in Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The Dhodias and Dublas are found mostly in the northern areas while the other two tribes have a presence all over the Union Territory. All of them have a distinct culture with quaint rituals and a colourful folklore.
The main religious group are Hindus, Muslims and Christians.
The main festivals include Diwaso, Raksha Bandhan, Bhawada and Khali Puja.
The Tarpa Festival and the Kite Festival draw a large number of tourists. The Lion Safari, Tadekeshwar Shiva Mandir, Bindrabin, Vanganga Lake and the Island Garden are popular attractions.
The main economic activities of the Union Territory revolve around agriculture and fabric weaving. The crops which are cultivated here include rice, wheat, sugarcane, pulse, paddy, millets, chiku, lichi, banana and mango.
It is also known for its clay pots, bamboo items and the leather industry. Fabric weaving, dyeing and printing are also popular occupations.