Delhi, the capital of India, is a city-state with an area of 1,483 sq kms. It is divided into three distinct regions – the Ridge, the Yamuna Flood Plains and the Plains.
- Population – 16,787,941
- Legislative Assembly seats – 70
- Population Density – 11,320
- Sex Ratio – 868
- Literacy Rate – 86.21 %
Politics and Administration
Delhi was formed on 1 November 1956 and Chaudhary Brahm Prakash was the first Chief Minister.
It was given its present form as the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) in 1992. Elections were held to 70 seats in the Delhi Legislative Assembly in 1993. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won and Madan Lal Khurana became the Chief Minister under this new structure of the GNCTD.
The current Chief Minister is Arvind Kejriwal of the Aam Admi Party (AAP). He was sworn in on 14 February 2015. The current Lieutenant-Governor is Anil Baijal.
Delhi has a unique administrative structure as the subjects of land, services and public order (police) are vested with the Lieutenant-Governor who functions on behalf of the President of India.
Delhi’s history is as old as the epic Mahabharata. This is where the empire of Indraprastha, during which the Pandavas lived, flourished.
It has been ruled by the Khiljis, Rajputs, the Delhi Sultanate, the Tughlaq dynasty and the Mughals. In 1803, the city came under British rule.
During his visit in December 1911, George V, who was then the Emperor of India, announced that the capital would move to Delhi from Calcutta (now Kolkata). The new capital was inaugurated in February 1931 and became the hub of governance and politics.
Delhi remained the capital of India after Independence in 1947.
- Delhi has India’s largest and fastest growing Metro network. This also connects the capital with neighbouring cities like Noida, Gurgaon and Ghaziabad.
- Three UNESCO World Heritage Sites – Red Fort, Qutub Minar and Humayun’s Tomb – are located here.
- The magnificent Connaught Place complex was constructed in 1933.
- Delhi has the highest number of registered automobiles among Indian cities.
Delhi is a major hub of tourism in the country, with nearly 1,200 heritage buildings and 175 monuments.
While all major festivals like Holi, Diwali, Guru Purab and Eid are celebrated, the Dussehra festivities see the most enthusiastic participation.
The major religions practised in Delhi are Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam. The languages spoken are Hindi, Punjabi, English and Urdu.
It is a thriving centre of trade and commerce. It has a buzzing IT and ITES sector in addition to electronics.
It has some of the largest wholesale markets in the country, like Sadar Bazaar, Chawri Bazaar and Khari Baoli.