Gujarat is spread over an area of 196,204 sq. km. It shares its borders with Pakistan’s Sindh Province and the Arabian Sea. The Union Territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu are located to the south of Gujarat. The length of the international border shared with Pakistan is 506 km.
- Capital- Gandhinagar
- Assembly seats-182
- Lok Sabha seats-26
- Rajya Sabha seats-11
- Literacy rate-79.3%
- Sex ratio-919
- Life expectancy rate-68.7 years.
- Infant mortality rate-36
Jivraj Narayan Mehta was the first chief minister of the state which was created on 1 May 1960. The current incumbent Vijay Rupani belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was sworn in as the state’s 16th Chief Minister on 27 December 2017. The current Governor of the state is OP Kohli.
Gujarat was an important centre in the Indus Valley Civilisation. Settlements of the Mauryan Empire marked the dawn of Gujarat’s history.This was followed by the Saka rulers, Gupta Dynasty, Kashatraps dynasty, Chavada Dynasty, Muslim Rule, the Marathas and finally the British.
It was in the Solanki reign that the history and culture of the state prospered and therefore, it is regarded as the “Golden period”.
- The name of the state has been extracted from a Sanskrit word Gurjar Rashtra, meaning a land of Gurjars.
- The first ethnic group to dwell in the state were Gurjars.
- Gujarati is the state language though other languages like English and Hindi are also widely spoken.
- Dandiya and Garba Ras are the main folk dances of Gujarat.
Jewel Of Western India
The state has a national park and a wildlife sanctuary, Gir Forest, which is the only home for Asiatic lions.
The largest district of India, Kutch, is known for its salty flats and shallow wetlands.
Dwarka is an important pilgrimage destination and the Somnath temple also holds immense religious importance.
Gujarat has three main rivers Narmada, Tapi and Mahi flowing from east to west.
Trade And Industry
Gujarat is a very prosperous states. Surat is one of the largest centres for diamond cutting and polishing in the world. Ahmedabad and Surat are also among the richest cities in India. The list of top business destinations in India includes the city of Ahmedabad.
The state meets nearly three-fourths of the country’s salt requirement and is the leading producer of milk in India.
Facilities in the state account for a bulk of India’s output of petrochemical products.