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Haryana: Leading The Way In Industry As Well As Agriculture

Indian State Haryana

States and UTs

Haryana: Leading The Way In Industry As Well As Agriculture

The state has a rich history and has provided the location for some epic battles.

Haryana is spread over an area of 44,212sq. km.  It shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. The state surrounds the national capital Delhi from three sides.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Chandigarh
  • Districts – 21
  • Population – 25,351,462
  • Assembly seats – 90
  • Lok Sabha seats – 10
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 5
  • Literacy rate – 75.5%
  • Sex ratio – 879
  • Life expectancy – 68.6 years.
  • Infant mortality rate – 41

Political Background

Bhagwat Dayal Sharma was the first chief minister of the state which was carved out of Punjab on 1 November 1966. The current incumbent is Manohar Lal Khattar of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was sworn in as the state’s 10th Chief Minister on 26 October 2014. The current Governor is Kaptan Singh Solanki.

Historic Relevance

The history of the state is as old as the Vedic Civilisation as both flourished on the banks of the river Saraswati. The Vedas were created in the state. Haryana also has some prominent archaeological sites.

Apart from the epic Mahabharata’s battle at Kurukshetra, the state has been the cradle for famous battles like the three important battles of Panipat. These were the First Battle of Panipat in 1526; the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556 and the Third Battle of Panipat in 1561.

State Exclusives 

  • Haryana was the first Indian state to achieve 100% rural electrification in 1970.
  • It is the first in the country to have connectivity to each and every village due to all-weather roads.
  • Haryana is the first Indian state to setup ‘e-vetting and e-custody’ facilities.
  • The state shares its capital, Chandigarh, with Punjab. 

Cultural Heritage

  • The name Haryana comes from two words, ‘Hari’ and ‘Yana’ meaning the abode of God. However, some scholars define it as the ‘Green Forest’ made up from two words, ‘Harit’ and ‘Aranya’. As a result, it is also known as “The Forest Land of God”.
  • Haryanvi, also called ‘Jutu’ or ‘Bangru’ is the regional language though other languages like Punjabi, Hindi and English are also widely spoken.
  • Jhumar, Phag dance, Khoria, Daph, Ras Leela and Dhamal are the folk dances of the state.
  • The rivers which flow through the state include Yamuna, Dohan, Ghaggar, Tangri, Markanda, Sahibi and Krishnawati.

The Forest Land Of God

Haryana is renowned for its ancient pilgrimages, attractive architecture and lavish greenery, which amazes devotees, travelers and holidaymakers from around the country.

The Brahma Sarovar of Thanesar, in Kurukshetra district, is a major pilgrimage in Haryana.

Surajkund is recognised worldwide for its ‘Craft Mela’ held every year from 1st February to 15th February.

Trade And Industry

Haryana is one of the most fertile lands in India and ranks No. 2 on the country’s GDP list. It played a major role in the Green Revolution in the 1960s which was aimed at making India self-sufficient. The state is one of the largest producers of Basmati rice.

(Read: Flavours of India: Bangaler Rasogolla and other Geographical Indications)

The state is also known for its automobile sector. It is the largest producer of motor cars, passenger cars, tractors, refrigerators, scientific instruments and bicycles.

The state has steel, paper, textiles and plywood industries too.

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