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Jharkhand: Some Key Facts About The Mineral-Rich State

Indian State Jharkhand

States and UTs

Jharkhand: Some Key Facts About The Mineral-Rich State

The tribal-dominated state is rich in iron ore and coal.

Jharkhand is spread over an area of 79,716 sq. km.  It shares its borders with five states – Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Odisha and Chattisgarh.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Ranchi
  • Districts -24
  • Population – 32,988,134
  • Assembly seats – 81
  • Lok Sabha seats – 14
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 6
  • Literacy rate – 66.41%
  • Sex ratio – 948
  • Life expectancy – 66.6 years.
  • Infant mortality rate – 37

Political Background

Babulal Marandi was the first chief minister of the state which was carved out of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The current incumbent Raghubar Das belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was sworn in as the state’s 6th Chief Minister on 28 December 2014. Droupadi Murmu is the current Governor of Jharkhand.

(Read: Flavours of India: Bangaler Rasogolla and other Geographical Indications)

Cultural Heritage

  • The literal meaning of name of the state is the “Land of Bushes”. In the regional language, however, the meaning of “Jhar” is gold.
  • Hindi is the state language. Other languages like Mundari, Kurukh, Odiya, Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, Santhali and Nagpuria are also widely spoken.
  • Paika, Karma, Chau, Agni and Natini are some popular folk dances.
  • The main festivals of the state are Karam, Vat Savitri and Teej.
  • The major rivers flowing in the state are Mayurakshi, Damodar and Barakar.
  • The state is a tribal-dominated region. The main tribal groups include Oraon, Santhal, Mundan, Bhumji, Ho and Kharia.
  • Baidyanath Dham, situated in Deoghar, is one of the 12 famous Shiva lings in India.

Trade and Industry

Jamshedpur was the “first planned industrial city” in India. It was founded in 1907 by Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. It is home to the Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd (TISCO) and Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO). Bokaro has a steel plant.

Jharia is well-known for its coal mines. The minerals found in the state include, besides iron and coal, uranium, mica, gold, silver, bauxite and copper.

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