Puducherry lies in the southern part of the Indian Peninsula. The areas of Puducherry district and Karaikal district are bound by the state of Tamil Nadu. On the other hand, Yanam and Mahé districts are enclosed by the states of Andhra Pradesh and Kerala respectively. It has an area of 479 sq km.
- Districts – 4
- Population Density- 2,605
- Sex Ratio-037
- Literacy Rate -8%
Puducherry was once the original headquarters of the French in India. It was formed as a Union Territory of India in 1963. The first Administrator was Sayaji Lakshman Silam. The current Chief Minister is V Narayanasamy while Dr Kiran Bedi is the Lieutenant-Governor.
It was renamed from Pondicherry to Puducherry in September 2006.
Puducherry was occupied by different dynasties of the south for many centuries, beginning with the Pallavas in the fourth century. They were followed by the Cholas, the Pandyas and the Vijaynagar Empire. In 1638, the Sultan of Bijapur began to rule over Gingee.
The next few centuries saw the Portuguese, the Dutch, the Danes, the British and the French.
By the 18th century, this tiny fishing village had turned into a grand port city. The French first set foot here in 1670 and left a part of culture and heritage when their undisturbed rule finished in 1954.
- Puducherry is known for its French style of architecture.
- The city itself is divided into two quarters. While one is the French sector, the other is the Tamil section.
- French didn’t lose its official status even after the adoption of “The Pondicherry Official Language Act 1965”.
- “Puducherry” is the French interpretation of the original name “Puducheri” meaning “new settlement”.
- Languages spoken here includeTamil, Telugu, Malyalam and French.
- The major religions are Hinduism and Christianity.
- The main festivals celebrated here are Podikazhi, Mascarade Mask Festival (adopted from French culture), Masi Magam and Tamil New Year.
Puducherry has 4 main beaches which attract a large number of tourists. These are the Paradise beach, Auroville beach, Serenity beach and Promenade Beach (Mahatma Gandhi Beach). It is also known for scuba diving and the old light house.
The Matrimandir, which is famous for Yoga and does not belong to any religion, is a popular destination. So is the Sri Aurobindo Ashram.
Puducherry’s economic activities revolve around agriculture, fisheries, textiles, computer hardware and electronics and the automobile industry.
The potential for fisheries is substantial in this Union Territory. Its four regions have a coastline of 45 km. Marine fishing villages (27) and inland fishing villages (23) host a sizeable population of fishermen.