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Rajasthan: History, Heritage And Other Key Facts About India’s Largest State

Indian State Rajasthan

States and UTs

Rajasthan: History, Heritage And Other Key Facts About India’s Largest State

The state is as famous for its folk traditions as it is for its forts and palaces.

Rajasthan, the largest state in India is spread over an area of 3,42,239 sq. km.  It shares its borders with Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. The state also shares an international border with Pakistan of about 1,170 km.

Quick Facts

  • Capital- Jaipur
  • Districts-33
  • Population-6,85,48,437
  • Assembly seats-200
  • Lok Sabha seats-25
  • Rajya Sabha seats-10
  • Literacy rate-67%
  • Sex ratio-928
  • Life expectancy -68 years.
  • Infant mortality rate-47

Political Background

Heera Lal Shastri was the first chief minister of the state which was created on 30 March 1949. The current incumbent, Vasundhara Raje of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), was sworn in as the state’s 13th Chief Minister on 13 December 2013. The state Governor is Kalyan Singh.

Historic Relevance

Rajput clans held sway over different parts of Rajasthan from the eighth century onwards. Before this, it had been part of the Mauryan Empireand republics like the Kushans, Saka Satraps and Guptas.

The state got its current form after the amalgamation of over 20 princely states and cities.

Rajasthan has witnessed many major battles such as the battle of Haldighati, the battle of Khanua between Babur and Rana Sangha and battles between Muslim invaders and Rajput kings.

State Exclusives

  • Aravalli ranges, the oldest mountain ranges of India,run through Rajasthan.
  • Thar Desert, India’s largest desert,is located in Rajasthan.
  • Ajmer is the first fully literate district in north India.
  • Every city of Rajasthan has its own colour co-ordination.
  1. Jaipur- The Pink City
  2. Udaipur- The White City
  3. Jodhpur- The Blue City
  4. Jaisalmer- The Yellow City

Cultural Heritage

  • The literal meaning of Rajasthan is the “place of kings”.
  • Widely spoken languages are Hindi, Mewari, Marwari, Shekhawati and Bagri.
  • Kachchi Ghodi, Ghoomar and Khayal dance are popular forms of folk dance in the state.
  • According to the epic, Ramayana, king Ravana’s wife, Mondodari belonged to the city of Jodhpur.
  • Rajasthan’s cuisine is incomplete without ‘Dal Bati Churma’.

(Read: Flavours of India: Bangaler Rasogolla and other Geographical Indications)

 Treat For Tourists

The land of kings still possesses the affluence and grandeur of ancient times with its picturesque forts, customs, traditions and royal palaces.

These spots are also shooting destinations for Bollywood and Hollywood films.

Hollywood movies like the Batman blockbuster, The Dark Knight, and the James Bond film, Octopussy, have been shot in Rajasthan.

The state has several UNESCO heritage sites like the Keoladeo National Park in Bharatpur, Jantar Mantar andThe Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Sawai Madhopur, Gagron Fort in Jhalawar, Amber Fort in Jaipur and Jaisalmer).

Hawa Mahal is the face of Jaipur.The Jain temples at Dilwarain Mount Abu temple draw a large number of pilgrims.Rajasthan has 5 national parks which are famous for tiger spotting.

Trade And Industry

  • The state is mainly an agricultural state with a booming tourism sector.
  • There is great demand for Rajasthani handicrafts all over the country.
  • Makrana is an important source of marble stones in India.
  • Rajasthan is also rich in reserves of crude oil, copper and zinc.
  • There are over 50 varieties of minerals mined in Rajasthan.

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