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Telangana: Interesting Facts About India’s Youngest State

Indian State Telangana

States and UTs

Telangana: Interesting Facts About India’s Youngest State

Telangana became the 29th state of India on 2 June 2014.

Telangana is spread over an area of 1,12,077 sq. km. It shares its borders with Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Quick Facts

  • Capital – Hyderabad
  • Districts – 31
  • Population – 35,003,674
  • Legislative Assembly seats – 119
  • Legislative Council seats – 40
  • Lok Sabha seats – 17
  • Rajya Sabha seats – 7
  • Literacy rate – 66.54%
  • Sex ratio – 988

K. Chandrashekar Rao is the first chief minister of the state which was created on 2 June 2014. He belongs to the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS). The current Governor of the state is ESL Narasimhan.

History Of Telengana

Telengana was part of the Hyderabad state in the 1950s and merged with Andhra state to form Andhra Pradesh in 1956.The late 60s and the 70s saw demands for a separate Telengana. After the 90s, people started organizing themselves under various organizations to voice this demand.

New states like Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand were created in 2000 but Telangana’s statehood demand remained unfulfilled. The Telengana Rashtra Samithi was established by Kavlakuntla Chandrashekar Rao in 2001.

On 29 November 2009, K Chandrashekar Rao declared a hunger strike for the creation of Telangana. The Centre soon announced that it would initiate the process for making it a state. Parliament finally passed the Bill on Telengana in February 2014.

(Read – India’s Geography: Get To Know The Country’s Distinct Regions)

Cultural Heritage

  • The literal meaning of the name of the state is the “land of Telugu speaking population”.
  • Telangana is the youngest, 29th state of India.
  • Telugu and Urdu are the widely spoken languages.
  • Godavari and Krishna are the major rivers.


The state is famous for its tourist spots.

  • Temples – Rudreshwara Swamy Temple (Thousand Pillar Temple), Ramappa Temple, Kolanupaka Temple, Chilkoor Balaji Temple
  • Historical monuments and forts – Warangal Fort, Nizamabad Fort, Elgandal Fort, Khammam Fort
  • Kuntala waterfall
  • Mallela Theertham
  • Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Medak Cathedral
  • Lateef Sahab Dargah
  • Anantagiri Hills

Major tourist destinations are Charminar, Salarjung Museum in Hyderabad, Golconda Fort near Hyderabad, The Warangal Fort at Warangal and Ancient Buddhist Remains as well as Mogarajapuram Caves at Vijayawada.

(Read- Understanding India’s Demography, From Population to Literacy and Sex Ratio)

Trade And Industry

Agriculture is the main occupation in the state. The crops grown include rice, cotton, sugarcane, tobacco and mango. Poultry farming and horticulture are other activities.

Important manufacturing, Information Technology (IT) and services industries are located in Hyderabad. The state also has an active automobile, textile, pharmaceutical and mining sectors.

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