Uttar Pradesh, a state which is a perfect blend of different cultures, religions and ethnic groups, is spread over an area of 2,43,286 sq. km. It shares its borders with Uttrakhand, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Bihar and Jharkhand. The state also shares an international border with Nepal.
- Capital – Lucknow
- Districts – 75
- Population – 19,95,81,477
- Legislative Assembly seats – 404
- Legislative Council seats -100
- Lok Sabha seats – 80
- Rajya Sabha seats – 31
- Literacy rate – 69.7%
- Sex ratio – 912
- Life expectancy rate – 78 years.
- Infant mortality rate – 64
Govind Ballabh Pant was the first chief minister of the state which was created on 26 January 1950, when India became a Republic. The current incumbent Yogi Adityanath belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was sworn in as the state’s 21st Chief Minister on 19 March 2017. The Governor of the state is Ram Naik.
Uttar Pradesh occupied the pride of place in many empires like the Mughal, Maurya, Rashtrakut and Magadh reigns.
Gautam Buddha delivered his first sermon at Sarnath. The state also had great significance during the Vedic period.
The state was at the centre stage during the struggle for attaining freedom from British rule. The Mangal Pandey-led revolt of 1957, which is known as India’s First War of Independence, started from Meerut.
- As per Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh is the most populated Indian state.
- Allahabad High Court is the fourth oldest high court in India which has been delivering comprehendible judgements for over 150 years.
- Allahabad, the ‘Sangam’ of three rivers, Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati,sees the world’s largest peaceful gathering of pilgrims during the Kumbh Mela held once every 12 years.
- It has been home to legendary Hindi authors such as Kabirdas, Premchand, Tulsidas and Harivansh Rai Bachchan.
- Uttar Pradesh has given eight Prime Ministers to the nation.
Culture And Traditions
- Hindi is the major language but Awadhi, Urdu and Khadi Boli are also spoken.
- Kathak and Rasleela are important forms of dances.
- The cities mentioned in the epics Mahabharata and Ramayana, Hastinapur and Kosal respectively, are located in this state.
- Lucknow, the capital city of nawabs, is known for its music, art and literature.
- Varanasi, the spiritual city, and Mathura are popular pilgrimage destinations.
Uttar Pradesh has cemented its place on the domestic tourism map with an average of over 70 million tourists visiting the state every year.
Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World is situated in Agra, which also has other monuments like Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Mehtab Bagh and Sikandra.
Sugar Bowl Of India
Uttar Pradesh is known as the “Sugarbowl of India” and supplies more than half of the country’s requirement. It is a leading producer of food grains and oilseeds.
The state is famous for its Banarasi silk sarees. Firozabad is known for its glass industry and export of glass handicrafts. Kanpur is synonymous with the leather and tanning industry.