Here’s another milestone for the Indian Space Research Organisation ( ISRO)! It will launch the first-ever 3D printed KalamSat-V2 satellite made by Indian students for free today Sriharikota at 11:40 pm.
The satellite KalamSat-V2 has been designed and built by students who work with a Chennai’s private organisation called “Space Kidz India”.
Named after Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, KalamSat-V2 is the first satellite to be designed and built by an Indian private entity.
The 10 cm cube nanosatellite is a communication satellite with a span of two months.
Weighing less than a wooden chair at only 1.26 kg, KalamSat-V2 has been developed in six days, incurring a cost of Rs. 12 lakh with the technology which the group perfected in six years.
Nicknamed ‘gulab jamun’, NASA had launched the earlier version of the KalamSat weighing 64 gm in 2017. The satellite did not reach the orbit.
It was referred to as ‘gulab jamun’ due to its puny size.
For The First Time
For today’s launch, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) will carry a 740-kg satellite, Microsat-R which will capture high-resolution photos of the Earth for defence research.
Code named PSLV-C44, it is 44.4 m long and weighs 260 tonnes. This will be its 46th launch and will attempt to take both satellites into orbit.
It is the first time in the world when a rocket will not only launch a satellite but also use the rocket as a platform for experiments in space.
PSLV-C44 is a new variant of the PSLV whose last stage PS-4, which usually becomes dead after ejecting the primary satellite, will remain active for six months.
– ISRO’s Chairman K Sivan
ISRO will convert the last stage of the rocket which actually turns into space debris, into a working experimental platform.
With the debris remaining functional and helping in research, it is the new way of creating wealth from waste in space.
Taking The Young Generation Into Space
ISRO has decided to launch more PSLV rockets this year so as to enable students to perform tests in space for free.
It will also launch a satellite built by the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) in collaboration with California Institute of Technology.
Academic Institute Satellites
So far, ISRO has launched 9 student-made satellites.
ANUSAT, a 40 kg Anna University Satellite is the first satellite built by an Indian University which was launched in April 2009.
On 12 October, 2011, ISRO launched two satellites. Jugnu is the nanosatellite, weighing 3 kg has been designed and developed by Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur while the nanosatellite SRMSat weighing 10.9 kg was developed by the students and faculty of SRM University.
Four satellites were launched in 2016- SWAYAM from College of Engineering, Pune, SATHYABAMASAT from Sathyabama University, Chennai, PISAT from PES University, Bengaluru and PRATHAM from IIT, Bombay.
NIUSAT is a 15 kg Indian Academic Institute satellite from Noorul Isalm University in Tamil Nadu State that was launched by PSLV-C38 on 23 June 2017.
(Note- All the photos have been taken from ISRO.)