Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh are the best states to live in, according to the latest Ease of Living Index based on a survey of cities across India. The rankings, released on Monday, are based on parameters like health, education, infrastructure, and identity and culture.
The index was prepared under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). It has been released by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
"The policies of the Modi Govt. are predicated on providing Indians with ‘Ease of Living’; eliminating from our system crony-capitalists and their political mentors; and rebuilding trust in Indian society." – MoS H&UA @HardeepSPuri pic.twitter.com/jNnBPzwoAi
— MoHUA (@MoHUA_India) September 25, 2018
The Ease Of Living Index
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched AMRUT in June 2015 with a view to ensure robust sewage networks, water supply and other infrastructure to improve the quality of life of people in urban areas.
The Ease of Living Index is a transformative initiative of the ministry to help the cities assess their liveability in national and global benchmarks. The index will encourage all cities to move towards an ‘outcome-based’ approach to urban planning and management and promote healthy competition among cities.
The ‘Ease of Living’ Index aims to help cities to analyse their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
Last year, in June, it was decided to rank 116 cities including all the smart cities and cities with population over million based on the liveability parameters. The implementation of the assessment commenced formally on 19 January 2018.
The first list was released on 13 August 2018, covering 111 Indian cities by MoHUA. All cities were evaluated out of 100 in which infrastructure was given the highest weightage of 45, institutional and social governance were weighted 25 each and economy was weighted 5.
The framework is made up of four pillars- Institutional, Social, Economic and Physical. They are further categorised into 78 indicators across 15 heads like governance, land use planning, safety and security, identity and culture, public open spaces, education, health, transportation and mobility. Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Madhya Pradesh have topped the ranking owing to their score on these parameters.
Another highlight of the Ease of Living assessment standards is its close linkage with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Of the 17 SDG goals, 8 goals are directly linked to India’s ease of living assessment framework with SDG 11.
– Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Union Minister of State for Housing and Urban Affairs.
The government hopes that the big bonus that will come with the scheme is the fact that it will lead to a healthy competition between cities, based on the rankings, and generate acute interest, comparisons, critiques and analysis by citizens.