Indore in Madhya Pradesh has been ranked as the cleanest city in India by the Swachh Survekshan 2018 (Cleanliness Survey 2018). It has secured the top position for the second year running. State capital Bhopal has repeated its 2017 performance by being ranked at second position while Chandigarh has been chosen as the third cleanest city in India in the survey results announced on Wednesday.
Greater Mumbai (Maharashtra) has been adjudged as India’s cleanest state capital, while Vijaywada, Ghaziabad, Mysuru, and the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) are among the cities that have made it to the top spot under different categories.
The findings of the survey, which was carried out between January and May, were shared by the Minister of State for Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri on Wednesday. Complimenting Indore on its performance, Puri said that “it will give any city anywhere in the world a run for its money”.
Vijaywada (Andhra Pradesh) was ranked India’s cleanest big city (population of 10 lakhs and above); India’s best city based on citizen feedback was Kota (Rajasthan); the best city when it came to innovation and best practices was Nagpur (Maharashtra); the award for the best city for solid waste management went to Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Ghaziabad in the Delhi-NCR region topped the list when it came to the Fastest Movers category, jumping over 300 places from its Swachh Survekshan 2017 rank of 351 to end up at number 36 for cities with a population of over 10 lakhs.
Mysuru (Karnataka) was chosen as the cleanest city in India for the population category 3 lakhs-10 lakhs; the fastest mover in this medium city category was Bhiwandi (Maharashtra); the best city in citizen feedback is Parbhani (Maharashtra); the award for the best city in innovation and best practices went to Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh); the top position for solid waste management went to Mangalore (Karnataka).
New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) was ranked the cleanest small city in India (population between 1-3 lakhs); the Fastest Mover small city was Bhusawal (Maharashtra); Giridih (Jharkhand) was named the best on the basis of citizen feedback; the city chosen for innovation and best practices was Ambikapur (Chhattisgarh); Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh) bagged the top spot when it came to solid waste management.
Best cities were announced at the zonal level for a population of up to 1 lakh and best cantonments were also selected.
Third Survey Of Its Kind
The Swachh Survekshan is part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by the central government on 2 October 2014. The mission aims to make India open defecation free by 2 October 2019, which will mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The programme also aims at achieving 100% scientific solid waste management by that day.
This year’s survey covered 4,041 towns and cities and was conducted on a much larger scale than the first two editions of the Swacch Survekshan.
The weightage for the survey was under three heads – service level progress (35%), direct observation (30%), and citizen feedback (35%). According to Puri, over 38 lakh citizens participated in Swachh Survekshan 2018.
The 2017 survey covered 434 towns and had ranked Indore in Madhya Pradesh as the cleanest city in India. The other cities in the top-five list were Bhopal (also in Madhya Pradesh), Vishakhapatnam, Surat, and Mysuru. The five worst-performing cities on this list were Gonda (Uttar Pradesh), Bhusawal (Maharashtra), Bagaha (Bihar), Hardoi (Uttar Pradesh), and Katihar (Bihar).
Mysuru had, incidentally, topped the list in Swachh Survekshan 2016 that covered 73 cities with a population of more than 1 million. Chandigarh was second on this list while Tiruchirapalli was ranked third.
Cleanest States In India
When it came to states, the Swachh Survekshan 2018 ranked Jharkhand as the top performer, followed by Maharastra, and Chhattisgarh.
A survey carried out by the National Sample Surveys Office (NSSO) in 2016 had ranked Sikkim as the cleanest state in India, followed by Mizoram, and Himachal Pradesh.
This year, the cities were evaluated on six parameters:
- Collection and transportation of municipal solid waste.
- Processing and disposal of municipal solid waste.
- Sanitation related progress.
- Information, Education, and Communication (ICE)
- Capacity building.
- Innovation and best practices.
The ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs conducted 32 regional workshops which were attended by Chief Ministers, ministers of urban development, senior state government officials, mayors, and municipal commissioners.