The Maharashtra Electric Vehicle Policy was launched in Mumbai today, putting the state on course for an ambitious programme to promote cleaner transport. It envisages tax relief to companies manufacturing such vehicles and providing requisite infrastructure in the state, and a subsidy to consumers purchasing these vehicles.
The policy was launched by state Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis in the presence of Union Environment Minister Dr Harshvardhan, and Head of UN Environment Erik Solheim. It aims to create infrastructure for the production of 5 lakh electric vehicles over five years and will initially cover six cities – Mumbai, Pune, Thane, Nashik, Nagpur, and Aurangabad.
Auto Majors Join In
Energy Efficient Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under the Ministry of Power, has tied up with Mahindra and Mahindra and Tata Motors for the supply of electric vehicles in the state.
Anand Mahindra, Executive Chairman of the Mahindra Group, accompanied Fadnavis, Dr Harshvardhan, and Solheim to Gateway of India to flag off the company’s electric vehicles.
Sharing his views on Twitter, Solheim said that the “future of our cities is electric mobility”.
The future of our cities is electric mobility. Fantastic to join @Dev_Fadnavis @drharshvardhan @anandmahindra @deespeak and @EESL_India in flagging of Maharashtra’s ambitious e-vehicle policy #WorldEnvironmentDay pic.twitter.com/7f5KEEMqgY
— Erik Solheim (@ErikSolheim) May 31, 2018
Here is what Mahindra said on Twitter.
Joining @Dev_Fadnavis @drharshvardhan @ErikSolheim in an Electric bus from Mantralaya to the Gateway of India to flag off our EV’s for @EESL_India & @ZoomCarIndia A big moment for Electric mobility not just in Mahrashtra, but in India.. pic.twitter.com/kqHMHW5AmS
— anand mahindra (@anandmahindra) May 31, 2018
As part of the Maharashtra Electric Vehicle Policy, Tata Motors and the government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Thursday for providing 1,000 electric vehicles to the state. The auto manufacturer handed over the first batch of such vehicles to EESL.
The Centre has ambitious plans for an all-electric automobile sector by 2030 and has been pushing for the creation of adequate infrastructure to meet this requirement.
Electric Vehicle Boom
In its Global EV Outlook 2018 released on Wednesday, the Internal Energy Agency (IEA) said the number of electric vehicles and pug-in hybrids on the world’s roads stood at over 3 million in 2017. This was an increase of 54% over the number the previous year.
The report pointed out that half of the 1 million EV unit sales in 2017 were reported from China; the United States was second on this list.
It said that under the agency’s New Policies Scenario,which takes into account current and planned policies, the number of electric cars is projected to reach 125 million units by 2030.
“Should policy ambitions rise even further to meet climate goals and other sustainability targets, as in the EV30@30 Scenario, the number of electric cars on the road could be as high as 220 million in 2030,” a statement by the agency said.
The agency, however, noted the need for “innovations in battery chemistry” to maintain growth in the sector. India has already taken an important step in this direction, with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) expressing its willingness to share technology to reduce costs.
Reports say that several other states are also finalising plans on the lines of the Maharashtra Electric Vehicle Policy.
Types Of Electric Vehicles
According to the IEA, there are four different types of EVs. The Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) use electric motors charged by a battery that needs to be plugged in to a charger. The second variety, the Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) use an internal combustion engine supported by electric motors and a battery but they don’t need to be charged.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles are similar to HEVs but the battery can be charged when the car is not in use. The fourth type is a Fuel-cell Electric Vehicle (FEV). These use fuel like compressed hydrogen to generate the electricity that powers the motors.