The Gaganyaan mission, India’s first indigenous human spaceflight programme, was approved by the union cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday.
Two unmanned flights and one manned flight will be undertaken as part of the programme.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has planned to send three members in space for a minimum of seven days by 2022 in its biggest rocket, the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).
Gaganyaan Mission On Course
The necessary infrastructure for crew training, realization of flight systems and ground infrastructure will be established to support the Gaganyaan Programme. ISRO will collaborate extensively with national agencies, laboratories, academia and industry to accomplish the Gaganyaan Programme objectives.
The total fund requirement for the Gaganyaan programme is within Rs 10,000 crore and includes cost of technology development, flight hardware realization and essential infrastructure elements.
The first human space flight demonstration is targeted to be completed within 40 months from the date of sanction, a statement by the Press Information Bureau (PIB) said.
Prior to this, two unmanned flights in full complement will be carried out to gain confidence on the technology and mission management aspects.
Green Flag For Mission 2022
PM Modi had announced in his address on the 72nd Independence Day in 2018 that an Indian astronaut, be it a man or a woman, will carry the Indian national flag on a space odyssey, on board the ‘Gaganyaan’.
The manned space mission on board the ‘Gaganyaan’ can take place in 2022 or, if things work out, even earlier.
This will be one of the biggest space missions undertaken in India after the Chandrayaan-1 (October 2008) and the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan (September 2014).
Boost To Indian Space Programmes
The programme is expected to spur research and development within the country in niche science and technology domains.
It will also encourage broader participation in research opportunities and technology development benefitting large number of students and researchers.
The programme is expected to give impetus to economic activities within the country in terms of employment generation, human resource development and enhanced industrial capabilities.
Along with this, it would inspire large number of young students to take up science and technology careers for national development.
ISRO believes that there is a huge potential for technology spin-offs in areas such as medicine, agriculture, industrial safety, pollution, waste management, water and food resource management.