The fifth volume of the Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle was released by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi on Thursday.
The five-volume dictionary contains an account of about 13,500 martyrs from India’s First War of Independence in 1857 to India’s Independence in 1947.
Dictionary Of Martyrs
The dictionary defines a martyr as a person who died or was killed in action or in detention, or was awarded capital punishment while participating in the national movement for emancipation of India.
It includes martyrs of the following movements-
- 1857 Uprising
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (1919)
- Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22)
- Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-34)
- Quit India Movement (1942-44)
- Revolutionary Movements (1915-34)
- Kissan Movements
- Tribal Movements
- Agitation for Responsible Government in the Princely States (Prajamandal)
- Indian National Army (INA, 1943-45)
- Royal Indian Navy Upsurge (RIN, 1946)
The Dictionary of Martyrs also includes the soldiers of the Azad Hind Fauj, ex-INA or ex-military personnel who attained martyrdom.
The Ministry of Culture had commissioned the project for compilation of Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle to the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) in 2009. The decision was taken to commemorate the 150th anniversary of uprising of 1857.
The Five Volumes
The five-volume dictionary is classified according to the zones.
The first volume records over 4,400 martyrs of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh.
The second volume lists more than 3500 martyrs of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir.
The third volume of the dictionary covers is more than 1,400 martyrs of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Sind while the fourth volume contains the information of over 3,300 martyrs of Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura.
The last volume has more than 1,450 martyrs of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Recalling The Heroes
PM Narendra Modi said that the Dictionary of Martyrs is the first attempt at compiling the names of martyrs on this scale.
He asserted that a nation that does not honour and remember those who created, or are an important part, of its history, often does not have a secure future.
Youth should especially be made aware of this effort, he added.
Cherishing The Past, Securing The Future
The Dictionary of martyrs is the government’s effort to nurture and recall the brave deeds of the heroes of our freedom struggle.
Recently, PM Narendra Modi had dedicated the National War Memorial, or Rashtriya Samar Smaarak, to the nation.
The Kranti Mandir has been established at Red Fort in memory of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and the Azad Hind Fauj.
He said museums are also being built to commemorate the brave deeds of the Adivasi heroes who were part of our freedom struggle.