The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, IIT Bombay, and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore have been given the Institution of Eminence status. Three more have been selected from the private sector: Jio Institute by Reliance Foundation, BITS Pilani, and the Manipal Academy of Higher Education.
The decision was announced by Union Minister for Human Resource Development Prakash Javdekar on Monday.
The ministry intends to identify and promote 20 such institutions from across the country and develop them as world-class centres of teaching and research. While 10 of these would be government institutions, the rest will be private. These will include a mix of technical, management, and arts institutions and universities.
Javdekar explained the importance of the concept of Institute of Excellence in a series of posts on Twitter. He pointed out that India had 800 universities but not a single one in the top 100 or even 200 in the world ranking. “Today’s decision will help achieve this,” he said.
This decision is a landmark decision for following reasons -This was never thought off & tried; it is more than a graded autonomy, it is really a full autonomy to the institutes; the institutes can take their own decisions.#InstituteofEminence #TransformingEducation@PIB_India
— Prakash Javadekar (@PrakashJavdekar) July 9, 2018
How The Scheme Will Work
An Institution of Eminence will get greater autonomy when it comes to matters like starting new courses, admitting foreign students and deciding on the fee to be charged from them, collaborating with foreign institutions and offering online courses.
A public sector institution in this category is also entitled to a grant of Rs 1,000 crore over a period of five years; there is no financial grant, however, for a private sector entity.
Flood Of Applications
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had announced the creation of Institutions of Exellence in the Union Budget 2016. In February this year, the Centre had constituted an Empowered Committee that would screen applications to be granted this status.
Over 100 institutions had applied for this recognition by the deadline of December 2017. These included universities like Delhi University and Jawaharlal Nehru University, most IITs, a number of state universities, and several private and deemed to be universities.
To qualify, institutions of higher education need to figure in reputed top 500 global rankings or top 50 in the latest National Institutional Ranking Framework.