The Constitution “rests on three principles or pillars – liberty, equality and fraternity,” said President Ram Nath Kovind on 26th November, 2017, stating that is critical “keep their intricate and delicate balance in mind when exploring the relationship between the three branches of the state,” referring to the judiciary, the executive and the legislature.
The President was speaking at a function organised by the Supreme Court to mark Constitution Day, celebrated on November 26, the day the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution 68 years ago.
The President said that the three organs of the state “are all equal. They should all be conscious of their liberty and strive to protect their autonomy. And yet, they should be careful not to disturb the fraternity of the separation of powers”.
The Constitution, President Kovind said, is “not static but is a living document.” It is not “just an abstract ideal,” but has to be made meaningful to the lives of ordinary people “in every street, every village and every mohalla of our country. It has to somehow connect with their everyday existence and make it more comfortable,” he said.
He also said that individuals and institutions who ask what the Constitution has done for them, must also consider what they have done to uphold it. The “Constitution is ‘We, the People’ as much as ‘We, the People’ are the Constitution,” he said.
The President said those who framed the Constitution as “men and women of unparalleled vision. They sought to draft a Constitution that was defined by a noble and expansive philosophy – rather than being a rigid document.”
At the heart of the constitutional project, the President said, was trust. “Trust in each other, trust between institutions, trust in the goodness of fellow citizens, and trust in the wisdom of future generations,” he said, adding, “This sense of trust is inherent in constitutional governance. When the Government trusts citizens to attest their documents themselves, it is in keeping with the spirit of the Constitution.