India will participate in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) after a span of 9 years. India appeared in the PISA Test in 2009 and stood at 72nd rank among 74 participating countries. The UPA government maintained that the PISA assessment’s questions were “out of context” and boycotted subsequent examinations. However, India has now decided to participate in the PISA Test in 2021. The test is considered to be a yardstick to evaluate the quality, equality, and efficiency of school systems. Its findings can be used to formulate effective education policies.
Here Are 10 Interesting Facts About The PISA Test
- The Organisation for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) has been conducting the PISA Test every three years since 2000. OECD is a group of 30 democracies which work harmoniously to address the global economic, social and environmental challenges.
- It is a two-hour long computerised test where the learning level of 15-year-olds is tested. Apart from this, a student should have also finished at least six years of formal schooling.
- PISA Test does not focus upon the memory and curriculum-based knowledge of the child. The test covers subjects like mathematics, reading and scientific literacy.
- The first PISA survey was conducted in 2000 with reading as the main domain in 32 countries (including 28 OECD member countries). It used written tasks answered in schools under independently supervised test conditions.
- In 2003, the second PISA test assessed reading, mathematical and scientific literacy, and problem solving with a primary focus on mathematical literacy in 41 countries. The third survey focused upon scientific literacy, and was conducted in 2006 in 57 countries.
- According to the OCED report, approximately 540,000 students completed the assessment in 2015, representing about 29 million 15-year-olds in the schools of the 72 participating countries and economies.
- Singapore topped the PISA 2015 followed by Japan, Estonia, Finland and Canada.
- PISA 2015 revealed that girls are found to hold more positive attitudes towards relationships and want others to succeed. Boys, on the other hand, hold more positive attitudes towards teamwork: they see the instrumental benefits of teamwork and how collaboration can help them work more effectively and efficiently.
- All SAARC nations, the African continent (except Algeria and Tunisia), Argentina and Greenland either haven’t participated at all in PISA or are not regular participants.
- According to the OCED reports, no country improved its performance in science and equity in education simultaneously between 2006 and 2015. The United States shows the largest improvements in equity during this period.