1. When was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born?
He was born on 2 October 1869 in his three-storeyed ancestral home that is part of the Kirti Mandir complex in Porbandar, Gujarat.
2. When and where was Mahatma Gandhi assassinated?
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948, at Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in Delhi, shortly before a prayer meeting.
3. In which city was Mahatma Gandhi cremated?
Mahatma Gandhi was cremated at the Rajghat, Delhi. A simple black marble platform marks the spot within the complex.
4. What is Sabarmati Ashram’s importance in Mahatma Gandhi’s life?
Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad is where Bapu spent over a decade after his return from South Africa in 1914.
5. Which of the following cities is inextricably linked with Mahatma Gandhi’s fight against inequality?
Pietermaritzburg in South Africa was the place where Gandhi was evicted from a “whites-only” train compartment in June 1893. He decided to oppose this injustice. It was this incident that catalysed into a non-violent civil disobedience movement that would later be known as “Satyagraha”.
6. What is the name of the place associated with Gandhi’s “Salt Satyagraha”?
Dandi village, near Surat in Gujarat, is the place where Gandhiji and his followers gathered after a march in March-April 1930 to defy the British ban on Indians manufacturing or selling salt.
7. How many times was Mahatma Gandhi nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize?
He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times - in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947, and 1948, but he never received the honour. The last nomination came some time before he was assassinated. The Nobel Committee decided not to give away this award in 1948, on the ground that there was no suitable living candidate.
8. What profession did Mahatma Gandhi pursue when he went to work in South Africa?
Mahatma Gandhi worked as a lawyer with a private firm when he went to South Africa in 1893.
9. When did Time magazine name Mahatma Gandhi as the Person of the Year?
He was named Time magazine’s Person of the Year in 1930. Gandhi was also the runner-up for the Time Person of the Century.
10. What is the name of Mahatma Gandhi’s autobiography?
“The Story of My Experiments with Truth” was written in instalments and published in the journals Navjivan and Young India; it was first printed in book form in 1927.